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Classification & labelling

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The DSD/DPD current system

67/548/CEE and 1999/45/CE Directives

L'ancien système DSD/DPD

On borrowed time : the current european labelling system will be progressively replaced by the new CLP Regulation (Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) (see the timeline on our CLP page).

Texts of the directives

The directive 67/548/EEC (DSD [1]) and its amendments prescribe the rules for the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances (hazard categories, symbol and indication of danger, risk phrases, S-phrases).

The directive 1999/45/EC (DPD [1]) provides for methods of classification and labelling of dangerous preparations.

Hazard categories

Health hazards


Physical hazards

Very toxic (R26, R27, R28, R39/exposure routes) Explosive (R2, R3)
Toxic (R23, R24, R25, R39/exposure routes, R48/exposure routes)

Carcinogenic cat. 1 and 2 (R45, R49)

Mutagenic cat. 1 and 2 (R46)

Toxic for reproduction cat. 1 and 2 (R60, R61)

Extremely flammable (R12)
Harmful (R20, R21, R22, R65, R48/exposure routes, R68/exposure routes)

Carcinogenic cat. 3 (R40)

Mutagenic cat. 3 (R68)

Toxic for reproduction cat. 3 (R62, R63)

Sensitizing (R42)

Highly flammable (R11, R15, R17)
No symbol Flammable (R10)
Corrosive (R34, R35) Oxidising (R7, R8, R9)

Environmental hazards

Irritant (R36, R37, R38, R41)

Sensitising (R43)

Dangerous for the environment R50, R54, R55, R56, R57, R58, R59, R50-53, R51-53
No symbol R52, R53, R52-53

Downloadable memo


EN Label elements of the DSD/DPD directives
PDF - 1.6 Mo

This 12 pages document itemizes symbols, indications of danger and risk phrases of the current classification.

For laboratory technicians and people involved in risk prevention.

PDF document (1.7 Mo)

[1] DSD : Dangerous Substances Directive ; DPD : Dangerous Preparations Directive.